Forster Revisited Solfanelli, She is currently completing a monograph on the filmic adaptations of Victorian and Neo-Victorian Literature. I prefer to live in Italy. For many people in the English-speaking world, Italy stands for beauty, passion and romance, and this is reflected in a long list of British and American movies. David Leans film Summer Madness perfectly illustrates this attitude.
Set in Venice, the film recounts the love affair between an inexperienced American spinster Katherine Hepburn and her passionate Italian lover Rossano Brazzi.
Journal of Italian Cinema & Media Studies Conference
Here, like in numerous other British and American movies which were often Italian co-productions , La Serenissima serves as a backdrop and inspiration for a romantic love story. Special attention will be paid to the citys function as a catalyst for erotic encounters. The films discussed can thus be seen as contributions to Italian erotic cinema, a chapter of Italian film history that still has to be written. Contestualmente la Film Commission ha generato un forte potere di attrazione sulle produzioni internazionali Europa, Stati Uniti, India , che hanno utilizzato il Salento come set codificando un altro tipo di paesaggio.
Questo intervento intende presentare alcuni casi di studio in grado di esemplificare gli approcci locali e transnazionali al paesaggio, sia in ambito documentaristico che finzionale. Fa parte del comitato di redazione di Segnocinema.
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- The dreams that inspired the works of Federico Fellini;
As the West was forced to confront the rise of the former colonial, or economically colonized, world, a revolution occurred also at the level of language. Altrettanto importante, il documentario ottenne che la visione femminista dello stupro entrasse nella consapevolezza collettiva e nel dibattito nazionale sulla legge di riforma del delitto della violenza sessuale.
Women behaving badly in crime and prison drama Intellect, Tra i suoi lavori : Public engagement e civic agency: percorsi di educazione alla cittadinanza, in Serpieri R. Fabrizio , Representaciones y de construcciones , Dickinson, Madrid, ; con V. Giordano e S. Parisi eds. Esperienza e percezione del limite tra gli adolescenti , Franco Angeli, Milano, ; con L.
Guadarrama Rico, J. Vilchis Valero. Suarez Villegas eds. Modelli, processi, contenuti , Carocci, Roma, I suoi interessi scientifici sono relativi al campo della comunicazione, del transmedia storytelling e dei consumi culturali. Si occupa inoltre di rappresentazioni televisive, con particolare riferimento alla fiction. Il protagonismo femminile nella fiction italiana , in M. Buonanno a cura di , Il prisma dei generi Angeli ; Sulle onde sonore.
Strategie e usi sociali della musica alla radio , in A. De Benedictis e F. I suoi principali interessi scientifici sono relativi al campo della comunicazione, dei social media e dei consumi culturali. Tra le sue principali pubblicazioni, Infiniti Anni Ottanta , Homo Communicans , Potere e comunicazione: Media, politica e istituzioni in tempi di crisi She will address La dolce vita as a musical continuum that fills up the vacuity of precarious existence, thus pointing as an idea to the ways in which sound as created artifact, through its own surplus, has the power to undermine subjectivity, while in the breaks of the continuum, sounds of nature become vehicles for an appeal to intimacy, interiority, and relational being.
She received her PhD from Brown. She is the author of Petrarchs Poetics and Literary History and essays in European medieval and Renaissance literature, European cinema studies, transnational feminist media studies, new media, border art, and eco-cinema. Her areas of interest include Italian cinema, Deleuzian theory, cinema of poetry, intermediality, literary translation, lyric essay and creative writing. A poet and creative nonfiction writer, as well as a scholar, her lyric essay Marathon Meditation was published in the Los Angeles Review of Books Quarterly Journal , and her untitled short poem recently won the Santa Clarita Sidewalk Poetry Contest.
He has published on American, Italian-American, and Italian cinema. Phantasmagoria, the Magic Lantern, the Moving Panorama, and then the cinematographic screens are just some of its most typical expressions. The digital revolution has intensified and multiplied our exposure to new screens, such as computer monitors, mobile phones, GPS devices, video games consoles, augmented reality, necessarily involving us in new experiences of mobility, tactility, interactivity, connectivity and immersion.
This panel aims to explore how the Italian arts have creatively responded to the concept and materiality of screens in various forms of intermediality across cinema, video art, video installations, theatre, architecture and urban spaces across the decades.
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Our papers will concentrate on three periods: ss, s and the New Millennium. Screens and theatricality in Italian art, c. This talk will consider this historical proliferation through the lens of art, by looking at various manifestations of — and takes on — the screen in Italian art of the period, focusing on the vetrini of Bruno Munari ss , the schermi and projections of Fabio Mauri ss , and the Environmental Screen of Marinella Pirelli Revisiting, among others, Michael Frieds well-known notion of theatricality or theatre , and Stanley Cavells conception of the screen as a barrier , I will consider how a significant number of artists in these decades sought to engage both cinema and theatre, and to challenge the barrier of the screen.
The engagement of the screen in the works of Munari, Mauri and Pirelli, where screens envelop ordinary objects, or become props or even stages for the viewer, are exemplary of such attempt to articulate cinema theatrically, so to speak, as an intermedial force which may undo, or at least re-draw, the boundaries of art and its disciplines. Her research explores the interrelations between art and cinema, film and photography, live and recorded media, with a focus on post practices.
Emanuela Patti Royal Holloway, University of London, UK Beyond computer screens: projecting digital moving images in public spaces In this paper, I will explore creative practices which experimented with the projection of computer-generated images beyond their original setting, namely the computer monitor. I will particularly emphasise and compare the purpose and reception of these practices in the period ss and today, as well as the role they have had in our perception of space. Her research interests range across a variety of areas, including modern and contemporary Italian culture, digital screen cultures, intermediality.
Ha pubblicato il libro L'apocalisse postmoderna tra letteratura e cinema Le Lettere, , curato il volume Imaginary Films in Literature Rodopi, assieme a S. Ercolino, M. Fusillo e L. Ha pubblicato articoli e saggi su cinema e letteratura, sul digital storytelling e i nuovi media. Collabora con diversi FilmFest e WebFest. Di prossima uscita il volume co-curato con Silvia Antosa, Sex t ualities.
Morfologie del corpo tra visioni e narrazioni Mimesis, Chair: Colleen M. In Italy the series is available on TimVision and, similarly to the American context, followed by large audience. Francesca is currently working a new edited collection on women and food in Italian literature, cinema and other forms of visual arts. Sordi, Comedy Italian Style Springer, Such perceptions of aging may result from the generally limited presence of senesce onscreen.
A monograph-length study on the topic of senescence in Italian cinema has yet to be carried out. Scholarship is limited in scope and follows a decidedly gendered division. Working towards the closure of this lacuna, this paper proposes five avenues for future research on aging in Italian film studies: 1. The synecdocal relation of the national Italian body and onscreen representations of death and decline in old age; 2. Sexuality in the silver years; 4. Tradition, transition, and generational conflict; and 5.
More meaningful images of old age. Lisa works primarily on contemporary Italian cinema and culture, and is particularly interested in the topics of migration, aging, and masculinity. Her refereed journal articles interrogate the fluid sexual and racial identities of migrant protagonists onscreen. Along with preparing a monograph for publication, tentatively titled Screening Sterile Masculinity: On Male Migrants, Italian Men, and the Future of Italy , she is working on a project that investigates representations of aging in Italian cinema. Critics praise his work for its subtle intertextual ramifications, its original editing, its combination of a distant, burlesque and intimistic tone Curnier At first sight, Tableau avec chutes mainly portrays different sites and types of footage related to immigration showing how migrants can reconnect to their roots.
Her main area of research is Italian border literature. Her most recent research interests focus on trauma literature, cultural memory and Jewish-Italian literature Liana Millu, Giuliana Tedeschi, Luciana Nissim, Aldo Zargani and on the new Italian documentary of the Italian diaspora. Rivista europea di studi italiani. From the late s to the early s, the contribution of Italian filmmakers to the development of South American cinema was monumental.
Three countries that specifically benefited from the contribution of Italian filmmakers were Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia. Moreover, little is known about the contribution of Italian artists to Colombia's silent cinema in which Italian filmmakers have had the biggest involvement. The objective of this presentation is to enrich Italy's filmography by introducing all the Italians artists known to date who significantly influenced the foundation of Colombia's national cinema.
Currently, Camilo is conducting research on Colombian silent cinema for his Ph. Ancora oggi, l'attenzione su questa presunta dicotomia rimane non priva di discussioni. We intend migration primarily as the movement of people across national borders, as it is represented in film and media, but also the movement of performers, directors, and scripts across different movie industries. Moreover, the maternal bodies represented on the screen interacted with off-screen images of the divas circulating on the magazines of the time, often represented within domestic and family environments, which contribute to define the social meaning of the stars as "mediated texts" and to narrate specific iconographies of the maternal.
Drawing upon the interdisciplinary theoretical basis of stardom studies and gender studies, this paper seeks to historicize specific discourses on female divismo and transnational motherhood in postwar Italian and Hollywood cinema. She has written widely on film genres and gender representation is postwar Italian cinema and is the author of Ercole, il divo AIEP, She was also co-editor of Italian Motherhood on Screen Palgrave, with Giovanna Faleschini-Lerner and is currently working on motherhood and media representantions.
I argue that these encounters not only illustrate the role played by Italian cinema within current migration discourses in Italy and Europe, but also help us reflect on the posts Southern Italian folk music and dance revival as a promoter of social change through grassroots and locally-engaged efforts.
Indeed, the current Southern Italian folk music and dance revival has encouraged a re-thinking of Southern Italian identity from a postcolonial perspective and as part of a larger, Mediterranean identity. Originally from Benin, Ibi had started recording her life in Italy through photography and videography, which allowed her to share her experience of displacement with her children and her mother in Africa, where--as an undocumented immigrant--she could not hope to return without risking permanent deportation. Photography was also her business--she worked as a wedding and event photographer and videographer within the African communities of Castel Volturno, as well as for the Cultural Center where the Movement for Migrants and Refugees of Caserta met.
When she died in , Segre decided to tell her story through her images, thus producing the first film almost entirely based on visual self-narration by a migrant woman. This paper analyzes both the film techniques and strategies that Segre adopts to integrate archival materials, photos, and other footage and create an innovative and original filmic narration that moves away from more traditional realist—and often objectifying—narratives of female migration.
She is currently at work on a book-length project on the Italian cinema of migration. Access to the Internet and social media has been a necessary condition for this growth. What has that role been? The topic is controversial: should the media give a platform to the ultra-right and, if so, how? Or should they ignore it, thus taking the chance of reinforcing the accusation of being elitist and aloof? My research addresses this on-going debate by presenting a comparative and historical analysis of media coverage in the United Kingdom and Italy.
It implements quantitative measurements of content analysis as well as qualitative methodologies for in-depth investigation. In she won a prestigious Marie S. Curie Experienced Fellowship to study ultra-right media and communication at the University of Loughborough, with a Secondment at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Florence.
Her publications have appeared on numerous international peer-reviewed journals such as The International Journal of Communication , The Journal of Language and Politics , Discourse and Communication , Television and New Media , among others. This presentation will discuss the role of digital technologies in promoting and marketing the Made in Italy as well as in contrasting the widespread phenomenon of counterfeiting of Italian food known as Italian sounding, which refers to the marketing of food and beverages produced worldwide and labeled with Italian names and misleading words and images.
Patrizia La Trecchia received her Ph. Her research includes film, media, globalization, migration, citizenship, the Italian South, digital food culture, ecocinema, sustainable food movement, food security, and food waste. She is a TED speaker on food waste. Although metoo was born in the United States, women in different places were met with different socio-political responses.
Her decision to leave added another layer to the public debate, bringing in the question of migration. Recent allegations of Argento sexually abusing a younger actor further complicate things. Beginning with Argento and moving to a broader socio-cultural analysis, this paper will look at how the metoo conversation has been deployed in the Italian context, and the uneasy way feminist and nationalist discourses overlap. Her research and publications focus on questions of gender, race, migration, textuality and social activism. She is a co-founder of the Asterisk taskforce for inclusive pedagogy, and a translator of fiction and journalism; recent pieces include works by Italian authors Dacia Maraini and Laila Wadia, as well as English-language articles about gender and politics in the United States.
She is currently translating a text on digital technology and gender, and co-editing a volume on queer Italian media. Risale a questo periodo la fondazione di Camera Woman con altre compagne. Inoltre, con la Kitchenfilm ho aperto dal il filone della distribuzione, ennesima sfida al mercato agonizzante con piccoli gioielli pluripremiati. Allieva di Vattimo e Rondolino, ha approcciato il tema del cinema sperimentale antenato del docu-fiction attraverso le analisi di Bachtin e Genette. This quality, already pronounced in Corpo celeste , grows exponentially in Le Meraviglie and particularly in Lazzaro felice , where the border between social drama and magical realism becomes blurred, turning the films young protagonists into messianic, redemptive figures, thereby making them symbols of moral resistance.
Her research focuses on the relationship between religion and film, Italian cinema, American cinema, films reception and practices of censorship. Since , she has been acting as peer reviewer for the Journal of Religion and Film and Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. She has collaborated with the British Film Institute and the Barbican introducing screenings of the work of Italian directors. It seems too convenient. My dialectic is no more ternary but binary. There are only irreconcilable positions. There can be no existence without contradiction, no action without dialectical conflict.
There is no synthesis, no self-consciousness, no moving beyond the dialectical opposition because the position is irreconcilable. His work centers on the relationship between avant garde film and video and mass culture. Davi Pessoa C. Autore di Terza sponda: testimonio, traduzione , Dante: poeta di tutta la vita Attualmente sta traducendo il Petrolio , di Pasolini.
Maturati entro una stessa cornice teorica, i due interventi si divaricano nel prediligere rispettivamente gli scenari del tragico e quelli del comico. Her research interests include modern and postmodern Italian literature, critical and theoretical intersections between literature and cinema, and cinematic screenplays as a literary genre. Her publications include I romanzi in vetrina dal barbiere.
She became a maternal figure and his artistic muse. With her constantly at his side, I argue, Federico could continue to dream and pursue figuratively and literally the erotic femme fatales. This appears clearly both in films where he directs her La strada , Le notti di Cabiria , Giulietta degli spriti and Ginger and Fred , as well as in those without her. He started writing down and illustrating his dreams after the encounter with Jungian psychoanalyst Ernst Berhnard. She was Chair of the French and Italian Department from to She has just completed a book entitled Portrait of the Artist and His Mother.
She received several university fellowships, two National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships, and three teaching awards. Contrarily, a popular Indian road melodrama Marutitha Hinglaj, resignifies the moral narrative in La Strada , pitting an eccentric individual against hegemonic faith. Her interests lie in the fields of cinema, gender, and Postcolonial Studies. Based on research funded by the Fulbright Foundation, she is currently working on two books: a monograph on women authors in the film industries of Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, and a co-edited scholarly volume on cross-border cinemas in South Asia.
Her articles have appeared in such journals as Screen and Diacritics , and other scholarly venues. Besides paying attention to the evolution of her acting style, he argued that the comparison between Masina and Charlot was facile. Scripted by Fellini, directed by Eduardo De Filippo, scored by Nino Rota and set in Rome, this film was highly praised by Bazin right before he died of leukemia.
Starring Alberto Sordi and Paul Douglas Fleischer, Fortunella stands out as a treasure trove of insights about the role of women in society and the importance of imagination in the history of Italian cinema. The purpose of my paper is to do justice to this little-known and valuable film in historiographical and aesthetic terms. Si occupa di critica cinematografica e letteraria e ha curato programmi radiofonici e televisivi. Flavia Brizio-Skov is Professor of Italian at the University of Tennessee where she teaches modern literature and cinema.
She has written numerous articles that appeared in Italian, American, French, Spanish and Portuguese journals. She has published the book La scrittura e la memoria: Lalla Romano Selene Edizioni, , the critical monograph Antonio Tabucchi: navigazioni in un universo narrativ Pellegrini Editore, , and has edited a collection of articles entitled Reconstructing Societies in the Aftermath of War: Memory, Identity, and Reconciliation Bordighera Press, Our Facebook page. Email Address :. Your Shopping Cart is Empty. Login Register.
Printable Version. Product Is Out Of Stock. The newborn society found itself having to suspend relations with the mother house, the Wiener Psychoanalytische Society as Austria was on the opposite side of England. During the war there were only a few meetings of the society which, in addition, as time passed became less frequent and therefore also a few clashes. On November 11, , the end of the war was declared for which, returning to normal, resumed the meetings of the company and then also the clashes.
The formal motives given by Jones were that by now the psychoanalysis had spread throughout England so keeping the old name would have been evidence of provincialism while the new name gave a national breath; actually since the old members to move to the new company, called Freudian by statute, they had to have an endorsement based on the scientific curriculum, such change served to Jones not to admit the Jungians into it.
This comprehensive teaching methodology, which included theoretical learning of the doctrine, to undergo personal analysis and to practice analysis on others reporting on the performance of the same to your supervisor for the purpose of control and verification, it had such a success that it was then repeated in all the other training institutes in psychoanalysis around the world, so also in the London Institute of Psychoanalysis, and it is still the running model.
In Melanie Klein, whose theories had strongly influenced British analysts, was invited to London to hold a series of lectures, he was very successful and was invited by Jones to move to England. In the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany, due to the policies of racial persecution, kicked off a great exodus of jews, and therefore also of analysts, such as Hilda Abraham, in other parts of the world, but mainly in England and in the USA. A second wave of refugees occurred between and following the German annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia and to the alliance with various nations that accepted the racial laws among which Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria; in this group there were also Sigmund and Anna Freud who chose to move to London, where they were welcomed triumphantly into the British Psychoanalytical Society.
The beginning of the Second World War, which took place on September 1, , led the Germans to occupy several countries including Poland, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, Greece, Denmark, Norway, France in which the racial persecutions were established which led consequently to a third wave of migratory jews. Three factions were born, one linked to the Ego psychology led by Anna Freud, one linked to the theory of the object relations led by Melanie Klein and the third defined of the Independents, because the members of it were not deployed, led by Ernst Jones.
In Connell concluded his psychoanalytic studies in London andreturned to Edinburgh where he was hired as a medical assistant at Craig HouseMental Hospital. This hospital was built as an extension of the pre-existingRoyal Edinburgh Hospital. The origins of this hospital should be traced back tothe early death, just 24 years, of the poet Robert Fergusson Edinburgh, 5September - Edinburgh, 16 October , suffering from depression, forthe consequences of a fall, accidental or intentional, from the stairs of hisown house.
In , seeing that a decision had not yet been taken, launcheda public appeal for a fundraiser for that purpose. In , Parliament granted2. The mother clinic, instead, was renamed Royal EdinburghHospital for Mental and Nervous Disorders in , and still exists. He lived and practiced psychoanalysis in Edinburgh until his death. Scottish psychoanalysts have always sought a link between their strongreligious faith and psychoanalytic doctrine.
In Scotland, the most widespreadevangelical creed is presbyterianism which refers to the Calvinist doctrine. Calvinist theology is based on scripture, denies free will, supports the dual predestinationfor some men, which are destined for eternal glory and others to eternaldamnation and argues that civil institutions, wanted by God even when theymanifest themselves in tyrorical forms, they must be established on the respectof authority and of their vocation, that is the acceptance of the place thateveryone competes in society.
His reasoningstarts with the remodulation of the concept of Libido that is not a purelysexual energy, but rather the force that allows man to achieve his consistentpurpose in the preservation of the species, thanks to the reproduction, thathappens, in turn, through the sexual impulse. Sexual drive is not the onlyincentive that pushes an individual towards another gender opposite, but alsofrom a set of physical and character traits, that arouse that psychic functionthat Connell calls Interest. For this reason he replaces the term Libido withInstinct of Interest.
The Instinct of Interest is determined by endocrinologicalsecretions and, allowing the focus on an individual of the opposite sex forwhich one feels attraction, it allows procreation and therefore thepreservation of the species. In a way he finds the synthesis between religiouspredetermination and psychic determinism.
From the moment in which the individual does not recognize or escapesfrom what should be his natural point of interest, begins the psychopathology. The hormonally charged energies on sexual urges, if they are deemed to bemorally inappropriate, not being able to discharge itself with the sexual act,generate consequences both deterministic and physical and psychological.
From adeterministic point of view the sexual act missed and therefore the non -satisfaction of the instinct of conservation of the species leads to a lack ofmeaning of life for the individual and therefore to a weakening of the instinctof self - preservation of the sexual act in neurotic leads to the idea ofdeath. From a physical point of view,the undischarged energies free themselves on the neurovegetative system,generating various kinds of somatizations. From a psychological point of viewthe sexual act missed lived as a lack of Eros in the mind of the neurotic givesway to Thanatos which manifests itself as an idea of death.
In summary,whatever the point of view used, the conclusion is that the denial of thesexual act in the neurotic, in turn, linked to the disavoption of the object ofinterest, it makes the psychopathology and the idea of death arise. Thepresence of a physical pathology, weakening the functionality of the endocrinesystem, it causes sexual urges to have a lower energy charge so that allconsequences will be less intense; paradoxically this undermines the idea ofdeath in the mind of the neurotic. If the first one is stronger than the second, than the individual will notdevelop either psychopathology or idea of death, while it will happen exactlythe opposite if the second is stronger than the first.
According to Connell, regression occurs whengenital sexual urges cannot be fulfilled or subjected to delay or elaborate;this situation, due to the fact that the individual did not follow his ownInstinct of Interest, not allowing an adult lifestyle, determines a regressionto previous psychosexual developmental stages; if the regression isparticularly accentuated, the individual projects his sexual impulses onhimself, going subject to a more or less accentuated narcissism. Connell developed some theories on the etiopathogenesis of the main psychopathologies, based on the idea of death.
Depression would be due to the persistence of the idea of death in the mind of the neurotic and retained in his psyche, while in paranoia the idea of death is projected outside through delirium in general, and that of persecution in particular. The significance of the idea of death in the neurotic mind, Journal of Mental Sciences renamed from British Journal of Psychiatry Vol.
IV, pp. Celani David P. Fenichel Otto, The psychoanalytic theory of neurosis, W. Hoffman Marie T. William Ronald Dodds Fairbairn proveniva da una famiglia della media borghesia scozzese, benestante ma problematica e con una forte impronta religiosa. Presso questa scuola Fairbairn ricevette una formazione classica.
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Per la sua costruzione furono usati fondi derivanti da un lascito del Vescovo e Teologo Robert Reid , Clackmannan, Scozia - Dieppe, Normandia, Francia, 6 settembre Con la fine della prima guerra mondiale Strasburgo diveniva territorio francese per cui il suo nome veniva francesizzato;. Gli psicoanalisti scozzesi hanno da sempre cercato un connubio tra la loro forte fede religiosa e la dottrina psicoanalitica. Nel Fairbairn divenne membro della British Psychoanalytical Society.
A peggiorare le cose man mano che il suo pensiero andava avanti, Fairbairn non riformulava i concetti elaborati in precedenza adeguandoli in modo coerente alle nuove formulazioni ma li lasciava per come era stata la proposizione originaria con nascita quindi di evidenti dissonanze se non di vere e proprie contraddizioni; ne consegue che le sue opere comprendono una serie di concetti, i quali, magari centrati sugli stessi argomenti ed al tempo stesso non coerenti tra loro, non possono essere usati ai fini della formulazione di un corpus dottrinario completo ed unitario.
Un ulteriore problema degli scritti di Fairbairn consiste nel fatto che essi vertono su questioni dottrinali trattati in modo filosofico e scevro da riferimenti clinici.
L'interpretazione dei sogni (Italian Edition)
I tre Oggetti Esterni fanno nascere altrettanti Oggetti Interni ad essi correlati che entrano in gioco in loro assenza e ne hanno le stesse caratteristiche. La relazione madre-bambino assume diversi risvolti secondo lo stadio di sviluppo psichico del bambino. Nel pensiero di Fairbairn lo sviluppo psichico del bambino si articola nei seguenti stadi:. Verso la fine di tale stadio si posiziona il Complesso Edipico. Se esso dopo essere stato espulso nel mondo esterno rientrasse in quello interno potrebbe suscitare Angoscia di Morte.
Il trattamento analitico praticato da Fairbairn si articola in modo differente come tecniche e come scopi da quello classico. Il pensiero di Fairbairn, con tutti i suoi limiti, appare comunque essere il primo nella dottrina psicoanalitica, ad essere strutturato, in modo sufficientemente completo, in senso relazionale. From instinct to self: selected papers of W.
Fairbairn, 2 voll. Clarke Graham S. Wilfred Ruprecht Bion came from a family of the English upper middle class resident in India. We do not have many other details about his family that he did not like at all. He said little about his mother and his family members that they were missionaries.
The years of his early childhood are marked by a strong ambivalence, on the one hand an unhappy family life and on the other the magical and mysterious India that he always carried in his heart. Bion reports that the father was distant and the mother anaffective. In this period he lay down on his belly and moved up and down practicing a rough masturbation. Realizing that instead the little sister felt no pleasure, he went to ask the parents the reason for this difference; in response they forced him to take 3 baths lasting 3 minutes for 3 consecutive days in a tank full of water in which a healing substance had been mixed.
After the third day the parents became convinced that they had solved the problem, which was obviously not true. It is probable that his family life was not as terrible as he actually described it, as his memories may have been deformed by an unresolved Oedipus Complex for which he was punished by Arf Arfer. Moreover, regarding family life, he was in India with his elephants, his tigers and his mysterious and unspeakable landscapes; his old nurse whom he called Ayah was also an Indian and who probably he loved even more than his parents.
When it was time to go to school, as used in the colonial bourgeoisie of the time, he was sent to the mother country to study. In it was bought by independent Protestant religious groups, called Non-Conformists, and, renamed Nonconformist Grammar School, changed its teaching orientation by assuming a strongly religious identity.
Bion was immersed in a scholastic atmosphere steeped in religiosity, which he began to hate in particular because it promised the worst punishments to fornicators, while he could not abandon his masturbatory activities, so much so that he was surprised by a teacher while he masturbated and for this severely scolded.
This period was also characterized for him by a strong sense of abandonment, as he did not see his family in the following three years, and by a marked sense of nostalgia for the loss of his Ayah and the familiar landscapes of India. He was not satisfied with social relations because he could not make friends with his schoolmates whom he perceived as too religious. Lastly, the rainy weather of England fueled the nostalgia felt for the sun and the heat of India. The only positive side of his school was to have a strong reputation in the sports field; from it was equipped with an indoor pool with hot water, thus becoming one of the first English schools to have this privilege.
Indeed, Bion has become one of the owners of his water polo team. Bion lived better the transition to high school, at the same school, thanks to the greater tolerance towards sexual activities. In spite of this, he felt a strong discomfort due to the increase of the impulses related to the pubertal hormonal explosion, to his own clumsiness in any type of activity, even daily, to a non-acceptance of his own bodily changes.
During this period he successfully carried out sporting activities, particularly in rugby.
On July 28, , the First World War broke out. Bion, the following year, having finished high school, he decided to enlist as a volunteer, but was rejected on the conscription visit. The father, realizing that Wilfred had lived very badly this refusal, intervened through his contacts in the army which shows that he was not as detached as Bion described him , so on January 4, he was drafted and assigned to the Tank Corps, in a battalion of armored vehicles. Arriving at the front, in France, he soon regretted his military choice, so during the bombing he had moments of derealization, which helped him to survive psychologically.
On February 18, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order, an important honor for his actions in the Battle of Cambrai Upper France, France , which took place from November 20 to December 17, On November 11, the war ended and Bion returned to England. He was very tried by the war because of the course mates he had attended, only three had survived. This war experience have influenced many of his elaborations on the dynamics of groups.
Interpretazione Sogni by Sigmund Freud - AbeBooks
It is composed of 38 associated colleges organized independently. Bion in those years took compulsive masturbatory activities, which had been sublimated during the war period. In he decided to return to England to make the most of what he learned for work. However, this experience was brief: he was accused by the mother of one of his pupils of having abused his son, so he had to resign and did not undergo a legal process only for his military past.
Having seen the book "Three essays on the theory of sexuality " by Freud in the bookstore, he bought it and read it eagerly to find a solution to his sexual problems. Feeling deeply impressed by his contents, he decided to become a psychoanalyst. For this reason, in he enrolled in the degree course in Medicine at the University of London, University College, the third oldest British university but the first lay. In it merged with the Middlesex Hospital Medical School which was founded in at the eponymous hospital, born the year before with the name of Middlesex Infirmary, to treat the poor taking the name of University College and Middlesex School of Medicine and in merged with the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine founded in under the name of the London School of Medicine for Women, a university created to allow women to graduate in Medicine in , returning to the ancient name of University College London Medical School.
During the course of his studies, he became friends with one of the Professors of Surgery, Wilfred Batten Lewis Trotter Coleford, South East England, November 3, - Blackmoor, South East England, November 25, ; Trotter, an expert in Social Psychology, brother-in-law of the great English psychoanalyst Ernst Jones, as well as one of the last surgeons of Freud, whom he had known for many years before his exile in England.
Trotter was for Bion the ideal of professional and of man, he exercised a great influence on him, encouraging him in his psychoanalytic vocation. In Bion graduated in Medicine and received a gold medal for his studies in surgery. In , it was equipped with beds, began to function as a hospital. In it was moved to a larger location in Portland Terrace. In it became the seat of a School of massages and electrotherapy. In a Radiology Service was opened, one of the first in the United Kingdom. In he was one of the pilot sites in England for the experimentation of barbiturates in the treatment of epilepsy.
In it changed its name again to Maida Vale Hospital for Nervous Diseases and once again it was one of the first English hospitals to use electroencephalography in neurological diagnostics. In new applications of radiology were introduced, such as ventriculography, encephalography and arteriography in the diagnostic protocols of this hospital. After the Second World War a slow decline began because, beyond the avant-garde technology used, the hospital suffered from the wear and tear of time. In it was permanently closed.
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In he began his first analysis with James Arthur Hadfield that should have been 12 sessions for pounds, a very substantial sum for the time; this analysis, which lasted almost 3 years, was characterized by an absolutely negative countertransference. Hadfield belonged to the Parafreudian Movement, which was inspired by the Freudian doctrine in which however spiritual concepts of a religious nature and philosophical-spiritual concepts of Jungian tendency were introduced since most of the adherents to this current of thought were direct or otherwise followers of Jung, however, at the same time, they did not feel like passing sic et simpliciter in the Jungian camp.
This line of thought, typically English, was born after the Jungian schism of , increased in importance until the first post-war period and then started to decrease before the Second World War and disappear with the end of it. From the technical point of view the analysis practiced by Hadfield with Bion was rather reductive, as it was restricted only to the search for traumatic events of the past to understand how they could influence the present, without any consideration for the transference and countertransference aspects; for this reason Bion gave Hadfield the nickname Mister FIP, from a phrase that Hadfield often pronounced "Feel In The Past".
The Psychopatic Clinic was founded, at the same time as the Association for the Scientific Treatment of Criminals, in July on the impulse of Grace Winifred Pailthorpe surgeon, psychoanalyst, surrealist artist. Bion was hired by the Psychopatic Clinic staff in , thanks to Hadfield. The Association for the Scientific Treatment of Criminals was located in the Vauxhall district of London and its mission was to train and update the operators as well as to raise public awareness of criminology issues through study courses, conferences, research and publications.
The Psychopatic Clinic provided psychoanalytic outpatient treatments to aggressive acting-out patients and organized training courses in Forensic Psychology. Due to the lack of adequate premises, for economic-organizational problems, given that the services were provided free of charge and the staff were not paid by operating as a volunteer, the first patients were treated in the private studies of the individual members of the group; the first patient was taken into care in the Clinic premises on September 18, , in a room rented by the Western Hospital in London for 5 shillings during the morning hours only.
The Association for the Scientific Treatment of Criminal in July was renamed Institute for the Scientific Treatment of Delinquency because it began to provide training courses in Forensic Psychology to the operators of the sector. In May and February respectively the Institute and the Clinic moved to n. During World War II, both structures greatly reduced their activity, as many staff members had been enrolled in the British Armed Forces. After the war, as the whole area around Portman Street was heavily damaged by bombs, both structures moved to no. From the second post-war period to the present, the vision of English criminology was strongly influenced by these structures.
In the Clinic became part of the British Health Service. In the Institute launched its own scientific journal with the name of The British Journal of Delinquency and in it was renamed Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency.
In the scientific journal changed its name to The British Journal of Criminology: an International Review of Crime and Society to extend, at the suggestion of Edward Glover, the area of research and observation also in criminological aspects, not necessarily of a legal nature but also of a social nature. In the Clinic moved to n. In the organization of the first European Criminology Congress set off from the Institute.
In the Institute also launched a quarterly magazine with the name of Criminal Justice Matters. In the Portman Clinic and the Tavistock Clinic, to overcome an important economic crisis, decided to merge by combining their respective competences and giving birth to the Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust which in , having assumed the status of Foundation, changed its name to Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust. In the Institute assumed its current name Center for Crime and Justice Studies, returning to the Vauxhall district, more precisely to n.
In T. Drummond Hunter historian, lawyer and ex-Administrator of the Tavistock Clinic, Cumnock, Scotland, - Edinburgh, April 25, founded, on the model of the Center for Crime and Justice Studies, the Scottish Consortium on Crime and Criminal Justice, with the same mission and identical activities. In Bion was able to deal not only with forensic psychology, but also with clinical psychology, as Hadfield also introduced him to the London group Tavistock Clinic, one of the sancta sanctorum of psychoanalysis.
This structure was originally called the Tavistock Institute of Medical Psychology from the name of the square of the same name to which it was located at that time ; it was inaugurated on January 1, , although the first patient, a child, was taken in charge on September 27, The clinic treated both children and adults, although initially its main specialty was the treatment of post-traumatic war-type stress disorders. The treatments, especially provided for the indigent population, were free, so the costs of maintaining the structure, including those for the payment of personnel and for carrying out research, were supported thanks to the payment of training courses for psychotherapists, educators, teachers, counselors, general practitioners and social workers.
The ruling ideology in the Tavistock Clinic was that of the Parafreudian Movement, whose influence gradually diminished over time, while the Object Relations Theory became predominant after the end of World War II; the Tavistock Clinic was indeed the cradle of this doctrine.
Object Relations Theory includes a series of models of the functioning of the mind whose precursor was Karl Abraham; it was later developed by Melanie Klein, her pupil, and was very popular in England. This theory differed from the Freudian one mainly because it shifted the attentional focus from the oedipal period to the previous phases and from the father-mother-child triad to the mother-child dyad. Group-based analytical therapies such as the Balint Groups and the Group Analysis were developed at the Tavistock Clinic. The views of the Tavistock Clinic have had a great deal of influence not only in the clinical and educational fields but also in sociological, military, forensic, penitentiary, art, education, social services, health services, and business consultancy.
In the Tavistock group decided to split up: the clinical and educational part remained at the Tavistock Clinic, while the part concerning human relations within the organizations was entrusted to a new structure the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations; Bion presided over the Planning Committee for the reorganization of the Tavistock Group. Together with the clinical activity Training Courses in Couple Psychotherapy were prepared; in June the Bureau had become a national center of excellence, also in the Research on couple issues, it was renamed Tavistock Center for Couple Relationships.
From the s onwards, in place of the Object Relations Theory in the Tavistock group, a new type of paradigm was adopted, called the Tavistock Model or Psychodynamic-Systemic or Tavistock Model. This model is a conceptual paradigm of an eclectic type, which recognizes its fundamental theoretical matrices in psychoanalysis and group analysis; to these basic characteristics are added contributions from systemic doctrine, social psychology, sociology both individually and of groups and organizations, political and economic-business sciences.
In this method a clinical theory of the organization is postulated, whose functioning is influenced by the behavior, often unconscious, of the individuals gathered in the company group, whose actions can make the market strategies fail or exalt in an apparently unpredictable way; this is why a group analytic application, which works on the unconscious, can respond better than others in corporate reorganization processes.
The Tavistock model training is given through the attendance of the "Group Relations Conference", which are a series of several seminars, each of which can last from 3 days to 2 weeks, during which the participants explore group relations with various roles, respectively as leader or follower in groups of various sizes and with differentiated tasks, using learning processes based almost exclusively on experience. In John Derg Sutherland, known as Jock Sutherland, former Director of the Tavistock Clinic, returned to his native Scotland and worked hard to create a twin Institute with the London one, finding fertile ground, very similar to the London one at the time of the Parafreudians, many of which, however, were of Scottish origin.
Scottish psychoanalysts have always sought a marriage between their strong religious faith and psychoanalytic doctrine. In Scotland the most widespread Evangelical Creed is Presbyterianism which refers to the Calvinist doctrine. Calvinist theology is based on the Holy Scriptures, denies free will, supports double predestination for some men who are destined for eternal glory or eternal damnation and maintains that civil institutions, desired by God even when they manifest themselves in tyrannical forms, they must be respected and their vocation must be accepted, that is, the acceptance of the place that everyone has in society.
Furthermore, they do not believe that the sexual drive is the engine of human behavior or its purpose. The Institute, organized like the London one, though independent, promoted the same activities and was very successful in the first two decades of its existence, so much so that in it opened a branch also in Glascow Scotland and consortium with the Sutherland Trust from name of Jock Sutherland of Edinburgh, founded a year before with the name of Social Workers and Allied Professionals Trust Fund to raise awareness, train and update all the operators of the sociopedic educational sector with psychoanalytic methodology.
In the early s the Scottish Institute of Human Relations began to have a slow decline, so much so that in it stopped its activities and in it closed its doors. The Sutherland Trust, on the other hand, continues to function today. Bion, after his arrival at Tavistock in , simultaneously with his first analysis with Hadfield, began attending the Tavistock specialization course in Psychotherapy. Beckett presented panic attacks accompanied by palpitations and feelings of suffocation, which is why he had decided to undertake an analysis.
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