Nicknamed "Lady Lindy," Amelia's adventurous spirit led her to become the first woman to fly alone over the Atlantic Ocean. However, on her flight around the world, Earhart and her navigator vanished, and today the theories abound and the mystery remains. Amelia Earhart - DVD , P-E, 23, Examine the life of this pioneering aviator, whose daring flights set records and amazed the world. From her youthful introduction to airplanes to her record-setting flights and her mysterious disappearance while attempting to fly around the world, this exciting program documents Earhart's life and accomplishments through a lively mix of archival stills and newsreel footage.
Climb 1. Shows how he became the conscience and comfort of the nation during some of its most turbulent times. World War I - Great Depression 3. The text "Free At Last" is appropriate for use as a supplement to standard history text. Includes lesson plans for 1-day and 3-day units using the video alone; and a 7-day unit using the video with the text.
Civil Rights 3. Martin Luther King Day 4. Discriminations and Prejudice 6. Using historical photographs, live footage, and interviews, chronicles the personalities, events and issues that have animated the first years of Congress. Laws and Legislation 5. Federal Government. Explores their curiousities, their passions, and their fears along with their brilliances, foresight, and wisdom as they grappled with the issues that would become the new Constitution of the U. Constitution 5. Examines the English roots of our Constitution, highlighting the political turmoil of 17th century England and how fundamental principles of "rule of law" and "limited government" emerged.
They'll learn about the diverse geigraphy and cultures there as well as the history of the African Americans. Multi-Ethic Heritage 3. Shows what it's like to live there and how immigrants from these countries have brought their traditions to North America. Children also learn about the lives of Japanese Americans who first cmae to the U. Also covers the geography of Israel and the lives of peopleiving there. Explores the story of Korean immigration.
Children learn why many Vietnamese people immigrated to America and about teh traditions they keep alive in the U. A visit to an African food market presents a variety of tasty treats, and an animated a folktale "Anansi the Spider" is presented. When her plane disappeared in near the equator, the "First Lady of Flight" became an American legend. Using interviews, archival photos and documents, and film from the time, traces the tragic story of America's inaction on two levels; through the experiences of Kurt Klein, a Jewish refugee trying to save his parents, and through documented evidence of the U.
Holocaust, The. His surprise assault forced the biggest mass surrender of American soldiers since Bataan. The Allied counter-attack was ultimately successful but costlymore that 80, Americans were killed, maimed or captured Farnsworth, an inventive genius who fulfilled his dream of harnessing the electron to transmit images and invent televison. The stock market seemed to be rising in what appeared to be an unending ascent, without limit, until, late in the year, on October 29, , the market crashed.
World War I - Great Depression. After a bulb that would burn for forty hours was developed, he set up his first power plant in lower Manhattan to deliver his product to the masses. But he made several critical errors that were quickly exploited by his fierce competitors. It was during this sad and shocking period in history that he radically changed his world view.
Journalism 3. Amer Exp-F. Explores the public and private life of a dertermined man who steered his country through two monumental crises-the Depression and World War II. Gives an unconventional look at the man who insisted that America be a democracy. Revolutionary Period to 5. A first-hand impression of America and Poland revealed through the intimate relationship of a number of immigrants from several generations.
Also accompanies Polish-born filmmaker Marian Marzynski on a trip back to Poland where he is received as a symbol of American success and generosity. Multi-Ethic Heritage 2. Europe Eastern 3. Immigration 5. Archival footage and rare photos depict the event that killed thousands of people and left tens of thousands homeless. Also outlines the remarkable recovery of the survivors who rebuilt San Francisco within three years Through their letters and diaries, see how U.
Amer Exp-Ida B. African Americans 5. Her meticulous research of Oklahoma history revealed that the five civilized Indian tribes of Oklahoma were victims of a complex swindle involving major political figures. Debo was threatened and isolated by these powerful politicians, but she remained steadfast in her criticism of Indian policy.
Civil War. Using archival footage and photos and interviews with his widow, this program creates a complete portrait of this reluctant hero. This program recounts the rise and fall of the sister cities of Clifton-Morenci, where the mining of copper ore governed the lives of all the inhabitants. Life within the community is seen through the eyes of the miners and their families Hispanic Americans 3. Spanish 5.
Explores a forgotten chapter in Hollywood's history.. Walled in on almost all sides by water, pressed together by the demands of geography, New Orleans has always been a laboratory where the social forces play out in dramatic and, at times, disastrous fashion. Southern States 3. In an eerie turn of events, thousands of naval observers and sailors were exposed to heavy doses of radiation.
This documentary tells the story of America's first unclassified testing of the atom bomb through the words of eye witnesses and archival footage that has never before been broadcast. Millions of Americans tuned in every Sunday to the "radio priest" as he led a popular protest against the nation's economic and social system.
He became the center of a debate over the use of the airwaves for anti-democratic messages. Interweaves the story of the rise of radio and the search for security in the darkest days of the depression. Journalism 5. Includes interviews with descendents of slaves and slaveholders describing personal danger and terrible risks involved in each slave's departure.
After the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of , even a successful flight to free territory didn't guarantee freedom from professional slave catchers who hunted down these men and women and returned them to a life of bondage on southern plantations. At the heart of the story is a woman named Emeline Gurney who was sent by her imporverished parents to work in the mills of Lowell, Massachusetts. Lowell was an extraordianry community, the only mill town specifically designed to employ and accommodate young women workers from all over the northeast.
Women 5. Women's Suffrage. The story of the Apollo reflects the era of sanctioned American segregation and carries a message about the relationship between black and white America. Civil War 4. Transportation - Land 5. The California Gold Rush sent thousands of people rushing across the continent and the ever-quickening pace of expansion would lead to a series of bloody confrontations with Native Americans.. Army on the Bozeman Trail, and the joining of the two ends of the transcontinental railroad.. In , the U.
This treaty violation, together with the systematic extermination of the buffalo, sparked outrage among the Lakotas and Cheyennes, setting the stage for a fateful showdown between the U. Army and the tribes of the North Plains. Examines the rise of the heartbreaking Ghost Dance religion, and the last, horrendous massacre at Wounded Knee.. Moses designed and constructed the physical landscape of New York City and declared war on red tape and even wrote his own legislation to assuure that his projets were built. In the process he devastated entire neighborhoods and displaced thousands of people under the law of eminent domain.
Social Ethics 3. They learn to cope with gas rationing, food rationing, and shortages of cigarettes and nylons. In "A String of Pearls" patriotic American women answer the call to dutyin the armed forces and in the factories and shipyards. Scenes at the Hollywood Canteen and other service clubs show ordinary enlisted men honored and revered by the public. Brown, and Marlene Deitrich lead stars overseas to put on shows for troops in the war zones. Radio provides nightly entertainment and also brings news from the foreign war zones.
Within a few short months, the nation is mobilized and transformed. Democracy 5. Comments of scholars are interwoven with excerpts from writings of those who were on the scene. Revolutionary Period to 3. Only thirty-three of the more than 11, amendments that have been proposed have been approved by Congress and submitted to states. Twenty-seven have been ratified. Nevertheless, the Constitution is an unfinished work that has evolved through less formal methods of change-congressional legislation, presidential actions, judicial review, custom and use.
Democracy 3. There are various ways of ordering relations between central governments and local units. Federalism is one of them. Understanding federalism and how it differs from other forms of government is critical to understanding the American political system. The civil liberties imbedded in the Bill of Rights place specific limitations on governmental power. For example, the basic rights addressed in the first amendment-freedoms of religion, speech, press, and assembly-cannot be abridged or taken away. But the Bill of Rights, like the rest of the Constitution is relatively brief.
Broad guidelines are set forth in the language of the Constitution, but it is the courts that apply this language to specific situations. Constitution 6. Civil Rights. It is not surprising, therefore, that many citizens have strong opinions about the rights of the accused. When a person charged with a crime is set free because of a legal "technicality," some people feel that the rights of the accused are being given greater weight than the rights of society and victims of crime. At the basis this discussion are the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments of the Constitution-amendments that specifically address the rights of criminal defendants.
Democracy 2. Constitution 4. The struggle for equality is never easy. When these words from the Declaration were written in , the term "men" did not include slaves, Native Americans, men without property. It has taken this nation over two hundred years to strengthen and to expand constitutional guarantees of equality to all persons in our society, a struggle that still continues.
In this program we examine the rights of minorities and groups, and their struggle for equal treatment in the United States. Political attitudes formed early in life seldom change dramatically, however the basic framework is etched and refined by life experiences. The Vietnam War in the sixties, the Watergate scandal in the seventies, reaction to the impeachment of President Clinton reflect the powerful role public opinion plays in the politics of this country. In fact, the scientific measurement of public opinion has become a permanent fixture of the political scene.
But the privilege of voting, so basic to democratic government, is a right that took many Americans centuries to achieve. In comparison to many nations in the world, voter participation in the United States is declining. Studies show a relationship between voting and a person's age, education, and economic status. In addition to voting, citizens participate in the political process through community and campaign activities, and by participating in social movements and protests 1.
Constitution 3. Divergent interests, seeking to strengthen their voice, join with others in creating a common political agenda, often under the Republican or Democrat banner. In recent years, as the two major parties have become more narrowly defined, many political moderates feel they've lost their political home. Third party ventures tend to work to only a limited degree because of the electoral system. They can play a major role in influencing the outcome of an election, as was apparent in the presidential election, but they seldom elect their candidates to public office.
Politics 2. Much of what transpires is more accurately described as candidate-centered politics in which office seekers raise their own funds, form their own campaign organizations, and choose the issues on which they will run. This episode looks at organizing and financing campaigns through the eyes of candidates, strategists, managers and critics. The structure of government, particularly at the local level, invites public participation. The system has many points of access or places in the decision-making process where interest groups, including big business, may make their opinion known.
The press brings events and problems into public view, serves as a channel through which political leaders can address the public, and scrutinizes political behavior for evidence of deceitful, careless, or corrupt acts. The increasing tendency of the media to probe into all aspects of a politician's life, private as well as public, has made many officials less candid and forthcoming with the American public. However, the press cannot do the job of political institutions, even though increasingly it tries to do so.
Article I of the Constitution is both highly specific and vague about the powers Congress may exercise. This episode follows three current and past members of Congress through the election process and their early days in office. It examines the differences between the ways the Senate and House of Representatives operate, the every-ten-year redistricting process, and the challenges congressional members face not only in the halls of Congress but in maintaining close ties to their home districts.
Laws and Legislation 3. This division of legislative labor has emerged as a means of responding to the profusion of bills introduced each congressional term. Such an approach also allows members to gain expertise in particular aspects of governmental activity. This episode explores the committee structure and formal leadership of Congress, and various routes bills may take before being enacted into law.
Members of Congress talk candidly about factors that influence their vote. But they had no models to follow, and the vague words they used to describe the position in in Article II, Section I, of the Constitution left a lot of questions unanswered. This episode explores the foundations of the modern presidency, and takes viewers from the campaign for nomination to staffing the executive branch of government. It features political observers as well as those who have occupied positions of authority in recent administrations 1. Without congressional authorization and funding, most presidential proposals are nothing but ideas, empty of action.
Theodore Roosevelt longed to "be the president and Congress, too" if only for a day, so that he would have the power to adopt as well as propose programs. Whether a president's initiatives are likely to succeed or fail depends on several factors, including the force of circumstance, the stage of the president's term, the president's support in Congress, and the level of public support for the president's leadership. The government's enormous administrative capacity makes it possible for the United States to have such ambitious programs as social security, environmental protection, interstate highways, and the postal service.
In fact, it's the only practical way of organizing large-scale government programs. Yet the bureaucracy is also a problem. They often develop an "agency point of view" because of their expert knowledge, support from clientele groups, and backing by Congress or the president. This episode, featuring among others former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich and former Secretary of State James Baker, depicts the nature of the federal bureaucracy and the politics that surrounds it. Although judicial decisions are constrained by applicable constitutional law, statutory law, and precedent, the courts have considerable discretion in the way they interpret these laws, causing some people to question the judiciary's proper role in a democracy.
This episode probes contemporary questions regarding the federal judiciary including the debate surrounding originalism, textualism, judicial review, and judicial activism 1. Federal Government 2. Businesses cut back on production, investors fled the stock market, depositors withdrew their bank savings, and consumers slowed their spending-responses that only made the situation worse. Just what government's role should be in alleviating this problem is an intensely debated, partisan issue.
- OpÃ§Ãµes de Compra.
- Lindas wahre Erinnerungen: müssen der Nachwelt erhalten bleiben (German Edition).
- Now We Are Free.
- What does Pittsburgh have to do with the Wimbledon tennis tournament?!
Social welfare programs are designed to reward and foster self reliance or, when this is not possible, to provide benefits only to those individuals who are truly in need. This episode looks at various governmental attempts to insure a "healthy" America, from the work of various research agencies and regulatory units to specific governmental programs, like Medicare and Medicaid. The primary goal of United States foreign policy is the preservation of the American state. This requires not only military readiness to protect the territorial integrity and international interests of the United States, but also global policies that foster economic growth and preserve the nation's position in the international marketplace.
Take a close look at the foreign policy of the United States and share the first-hand experiences of those who were involved in its formulation 1. The familiar cacophony of taxi horns and street vendors greeted commuters as they emerged from the subway. No one anticipated that in a matter of moments the city-the country-would be under attack. Since September 11, , the protection and defense of the United States has occupied center stage. This episode looks not only the nation's response to the terrorist attacks, but also examines the defense and "peace keeping" policy of the country in the post-Cold War period.
Discovery and Exploration 4. Amer Heritage-Native Americans - DVD , e, 20, Helps students experience the rich history of the Native Americans through the eyes of young Suzy Redhawk as she recounts the stories told to her by her wise grandmother. From the rocky northwest coastline through the desert mesas, across the Great Plains to the eastern woodlands, Suzy visits each magnificent tribal culture as they commune with nature and provide valuable lessons in life.
Transportation - Land. The American system of manufacturing is analyzed here, as is its developing foreign policy. Labor Movement 3. Industrial Revolution. Military crises, a tribute to American courage and resourcefulness. Illustrated here are customs and traditions which set patterns for life as we live it in the U. This is the the story of how the new manpower was found for the needs of the nation's burgioning transportation, commerce, and expanding industries.
Immigration 3. Industrial Revolution 4. The second title outlines the major military campaigns and effects of the Civil War on both the North and South. With the settlement of the lands beyond the Mississippi, the young nation is well on its way toward maturity and a place among the leading countries of the world. Forms of Government. Emerging from the paralyzing depression of the 30s, America in the 40s enters a war on two fronts, against the Japanese and Nazi Germany, and highlights the unheralded efforts of Americans on the home front.
World War I - Great Depression 4. Anthony are some of the women who are depicted. Multi-Ethic Heritage 4. Nationally syndicated columnist Ben Wattenberg explores these issues with dramatic footage and analyses by key Party leaders. Explains how they were able to break up the Democratic coalition of the past and explores other questions with the help of documentary footage and interviews with party leaders.
Presidents reviewed in these episodes are Jackson, Cleveland, T. History U. These four men engaged in this task at critical times and their achievments stand as a durable legacy. Monroe, McKinley, Wilson, Bush. Revolutionary Period to 6. Colonial Period to 5. Adams, B. Harrison, F. Roosevelt, Kennedy. Reveals both the blessings and the curses of inherited power. Johnson, Arthur, Truman.
Explains that the vice presidents who succeeded the five presidents who died in office were often chosen for the ticket less because they were equal to their predecessors than because they provided some electoral advantage. Adams, Taylor, Hayes, and Carter pursued a course that took little account of political affiliation, becoming presidents without becoming politicians.
In our nation's early years taking part in political affairs was considered a duty and honor. It wasn't long, however, before the professional pols and their parties began to find their way to the White House. Harrision, Grant, and Eisenhower all came to power as a result of their selfless service to their country. Tow of the men found the presidency beyond their abilities, while the other two proved themselves worthy of having been called. Author of the Declaration of Independence, he was also responsible for building the foundation of our democracy.
Shows how they influenced the growth of the nation, the settlement of immigrants, and the economy of farmers in the midwest. Depicts roles of the railroads in World War II, and shows their role today. Frontier and Westward Expansion 2. Transportation - Land 3. The roles of those who fought in the battles, including Native Americans, Jews, African Americans and women are discussed as well as the French joining forces to help win the war.
Also discussed are the beginnings of the war, including the Battle of Bunker Hill, King George's rejection of the American colonist's petition for peace and the removal of England's protection for the colonies, which inspired the colonists to seek independence. She was the first woman to live in the White House and witnessed, firsthand, many important events that shaped our young nation. Women 3. The first to fly the Atlantic solo, her spectacular success in a male-dominated field did more than make her famous.
Her accomplishments, both on the ground and in the air, opened doors previously closed to women and inspired countless numbers to follow their dreams. Women 4. Only seven of her poems were published during her lifetime, and she died virtually unknown. Then a treasure of nearly 2, poems was found and published.
Her success as a scholar and lecturer inspired many. She proved to the world strength, determination and patience can make any obstacle surmountable. Her social programs lifted families out of poverty and taught them how to improve their lives. She fought for peace, reform of child-labor laws, women's rights and the protection of civil liberties. She blazed the trail for other African American artists, opening many doors previously closed to them. African Americans 4.
She could read by age four. Her quest for knowledge propelled her to careers in law, politics and the judiciary--all of which helped her become the first woman ever to sit on the U. Supreme Court. American Women-Susan B. Described as impatient and demanding, she was willing to go to jail for her beliefs. She fought against slavery, and became a leading crusader for women's suffrage and civil rights. Launch Date: Feb. Spacecraft: Merycy-Atlas 6. Astronaut: John H. Glenn, Jr. Objective: First American manned orbital flight. Space Science. Launch Date: May 30, Mission: First orbit of Mars.
Launch Date: July 6, Spac ecraft: Saturn V. Objective: First use of the lunar roving vehicle. Launch date: July 15, Cosmonauts: Alexei Leonov and Valeriy Kubasov. Objective: First American-Soviet joint space mission. Astronauts: Allen, Brand, Lenoir and Overmeyer. Objective: To demonstrate the operational capabilities of the Shuttle Transportation System. Examines the reasons for the European migration to America and the cultural legacies of the French and Spanish pioneers. Secret debates in Independence Hall are compared with modern politics. Special attention is given to relations between Native Americans and new settlers.
Discusses racial wounds that still divide modern U. Chronicles the Mormon trek to Utah, the transcontinental railroad, the desperate struggle for survival by Native American tribes of the plains, and the impact of barbed wire on the closure of the vast western spaces.
The drive, and--greed of the industrial giants helps lure workers to the growing urban centers. Poignant photographs of the newcomers' plight are contrasted with portraits of tycoons who grew wealthy at the workers' expense. Also analyzes the lasting legacy of the new deal.
Examines the growth of the military-industrial complex as exemplified by the Pentagon and the atomic laboratories at Los Alamos, and the grand intentions of international organizations, including the United Nations. What lies ahead for the nation and her people? In the concluding program, Cooke looks at the state of modern America and explores prospects for the coming millenium. Mids - Present. Archival footage and recollections by Louisianans who knew Long are juxtaposed with candid contemporary interviews with Arthur M.
Schlesinger, Jr. Explores the effects of this revolution on the American culture. Transportation - Land 4. Thomas Hart Benton - VHS videocassette , H-A, 86, CS, PBS, Using long lost footage, interviews and the magnificent art of Benton to tell the bittersweet story of an extraordinary American artist who became emblematic of the price all artists must pay to remain true to their talents and themselves.
Artists and Their Works 3. National Parks. Included: Mt. Helens and Mt. But between and -- in the span of a single lifetime -- the prairie was steadily transformed to farmland. This drastic change in the landscape brought about an enormous social change for Native Americans. In an equally short time their cultural imprint was reduced in essence to a handful of place-names appearing on maps.
Native Americans 5. Robert Goddard, the "father of American rocketry"--and the growth of the U. Space Science 2. Prehistoric Times 2. Rocky Mountain States 3. Painting 3. Re-enactments, interviews and historical information, bring to life the acts of the famous and not-so-famous women in U. Looks at the life and ways of the "plain folk", and offers a rare glimpse at a culture increasingly threatened by the encroachment of modern American culture.
Microphotography and animated graphics record the embryo's early cell division, the morula and the blastula phases of development, and the growth of the internal and external organs. Animals - Amphibians 3. Biology - Reproduction. No subtitles. Explains what bones are made of, what makes muscles tired, why we have two nervous systems, why we blink, what is a spleen, how do we grow in a video encyclopedia.
Views and discusses each individual system separately, giving the instructor the flexibilty to select the portions to use. Biology - Anatomy 3. Medicine 2. Medical Science - History. The Minoans and the Phoenicians, both great trading powers, are also studied. Civilizations that existed in the river valleys of China, India, Egypt, and Central America are studied and compared. Concentrates on Sumer, in Mesopotamia, where it is believed, is the place where humans first began to farm and settle.
Egypt 3. India 5. Middle East 6. The cost of maintaining the government and military drained the Empire. Similarly, the fall of the Mayan Empire is attributed to their preoccupation with erecting buildings. Rome 6. Also explores the relationship between sporting events and religion, and the resultant Olympic games of today. Greece 3. Rome 4. Mentions some of Greece's most famous poets and philosophers and ancient beliefs in China are examined.
India 4. Athens and Sparta are contrasted, and the Etruscans and Republican Rome are also studied. The history and myths associated with Delphi are described in detail. Rome 3. Did the lost continent of Atlantis exist? The artifacts of the ancient culture of the Mycenaeans reveal a civilization of warriors and craftsmen. By contrast, the ancient Minoans, named for King Minos, were artists, engineers, merchants and traders.
By following the work of archeologists, students will learn of the people and places of the Aegean that laid the groundwork for ancient stories --and ancient history. Ancient History 2. Explains that the Swahiliwe masters of the open sea, which made them prosperous traders of gold and ivory while opening their culture up to Arabic influences. Explores the ruins of the ancient stone dwellings built for the king in Great Zimbabwe and points out what mad this kingdom one of the most powerful in Africa. Ancient History.
Explores the origins of Chinese innovations like silk, calligraphy and even the yo-yo, and discovers how the famed "Silk Road" opened China's frontiers to trade. China 3. Explains that their intricate writing system of heiroglyphs mystified archeologists until the discovery of the Rosetta Stone. Features segments on the Acropolis, terra-cotta pottery, decorated with images depicting the adventures of Greek heroes and gods, and scenes from everyday life.
Ancient History 4. Segments include canal building, the stone ruins of Machu Picchu, the role the sun played in their religion, and some of the traditional food they enjoyed including corn, and over different kids of potatoes!
Latin America 3. Indigenous Peoples. Segments include the exploration of the ancient tomb of Lord Pacal, astronomical calendar, sacred rituals, the written language of glyphs and the value of corn and cocoa in Mayan society. Features other civilizations that formed following the demise of the Sumerians--the warlike Assyrians and the prosperous Babyonians, who invaded Jerusalem under King Nebuchadnezzar. Middle East. Tells the story of Romulus and Remus--the twin sons of Mars, the godof war--who grew up to found the city. Explains the social stucture of their society, the system of government they created, and Roman innovations such as aquaducts, arches, concrete and the calendar.
What happened to them and what did they leave behind? In this riveting program, viewers travel from present-day Mexico City to over years into the past to learn about the amazing Aztec Empire. The Aztecs were a warlike people with their own religion, language and cultural rituals. Ethiopia is a crowded country, but unlike the UK still has a feel of space to it - probably because most people are rural and don't have the same sort of infrastructure around them. It's amazing to watch life as it must have been hundreds of years ago, with no technology in sight; fields are still ploughed using oxen; the grain is thrashed using forked sticks and tossed in the air to remove the husk; water is carried in earthenware pots; men wander around with crude axes fashioned from a stout stick and a piece of iron Even the fields of hay are cut by hand, and the bales piled much like we see in Europe though not round.
And they're not small fields either; some are huge areas akin to those in South Africa. The whole landscape in this area is a patchwork of neat farms with dotted homesteads. We've noticed that despite the large population there are few cars. We fell in love with the earthen water pots and started looking in the villages to see if there were any for sale. Many of the women seemed to be carrying them and at one village there were queues at a water tap, but none that we could see for sale.
Eventually, at a larger town we came across a group of women at a tap with the pots all lined up on the ground, so got out to ask. You run the gauntlet whenever you stop the car here, being surrounded by hordes of children - all wanting something. They were all polite and I think the women were quite shy when we went up to ask them.
None spoke English though and were battling to understand what we wanted until one kid came up and started translating. Others were clambering round us trying to give us prices and all get in on the action so we told the guy to hop on the back and we drove away, the few hundred metres to the market. We were advised by our guide to stop before we got into the main throng, otherwise they'd damage our car! Not too keen for that to happen I stayed with the car and held court with the crowds gathering round, while Sarah wandered off with our new helper and a heap of followers.
I was trying to explain to one young guy why we wanted a pot rather than just using a plastic container and was relieved a few minutes later to see our helper carrying a pot back to the car with Sarah still entertaining the kids behind. It had only cost 5Birr! But now for the escape. We wanted to give something to the guy who'd helped us but everyone now wanted something; pens, money, anything We told him to explain that we couldn't give something to everyone but handed out some of our contact cards anyway.
Costs nothing for us and went down a treat, though a bit of a melee as hands started grabbing them in a frenzy. Told our friend to hop on the back and we drove slowly out again, dropping him off back at the taps and giving him a tip. Quite pleased with our new purchase. The journey south is really a fantastic drive - rich in birdlife and very, very scenic. Most people we passed were genuinely friendly and we've still yet to experience the animosity that we've heard reported.
We were making rather slow progress though, so didn't stop much. Around lunchtime we did pull over to try and find some bread, which I managed to buy from a small restaurant. I don't know that normal bread is really all that common - or perhaps people make their own so not much is sold in the small villages? Not far past Debre Markos the undulating road gives way to a dramatic gorge as it descends to cross the Blue Nile. The patchwork of fields flanking the steep descent and then the wild bush as you ease your way down must make for one of the most breathtaking drives either of us has ever experienced.
It's absolutely beautiful and one of the highlights of the trip so far yet there's no mention of this drive in either of our guide books. By now the afternoon was wearing on, and our calculations of reaching Addis by were looking increasingly unlikely. As the sun started to sink we realised that we'd have to drive into the dark - a prospect neither of us relishes on these roads.
Fortunately by the time visibility was really reduced we had only 60km still to go. It was hard going with oncoming traffic, animals and people but we made it through to the capital at about Then the hunt for the Holland Centre started. We had the coordinates and we had a crude map, but after being flagged down twice by policemen and having to explain our non working right headlight remember it only comes on with high beam?
When we'd driven round and round the dodgiest gravel tracks in the heart of Addis' shanty backstreets and were flagged down a third time by the same second policeman we were about ready to give up. He was a nice guy though and using our map he managed to guide us all the way there - walking alongside the car. When you've found the place the map makes sense! It was now almost Holland House wasn't what we expected.
We'd been given the details of the place by no fewer than four different people, all of whom raved about it, but from what we could tell it was really just a case of being allowed to park securely next to the bar. There was live music starting at so a restful night was going to be hard to come by. A bit grumpy we decided to have dinner in the restaurant before the music really kicked off. Our beers and steaks were pretty good though and the experience was a bit like being back at Rhodes, at the Monkey Puzzle, or perhaps Cliffy's in Pmb?
In fairness it is a very relaxed place with a typically South African pub feel to it braai fire even and if we hadn't had such a long drive we may have been more willing to get into the spirit of the place. As it was we hadn't found the shower and really just wanted to crawl into bed and sleep. We watched the band for a while and then put up the tent. Will have to make a point of actually meeting Wim tomorrow if he's around, and give it another chance when we're in better moods.
Really nice just lying in the tent, looking out to see what was happening in the neighbourhood. Not a lot was going on in the pub though, as the staff were all sleeping in too after the big party last night. When we finally climbed down from the tent, the only welcome we got was from a rather exuberant black dog, who we later learned was called Whiskey. He was very friendly, but a little too keen on jumping up with his muddy paws, or leaning against your legs and wiping his slobbery mouth on your trousers.
Lucky our clothes were pretty filthy anyway! We spent the entire morning doing chores around the Landy - changing our linen and sweeping out the tent, dusting back and front and clearing things away.
We showered, but the water was darn cold so it wasn't very inviting. We've finished most of our groceries, so resorted to some popcorn as a mid-morning snack. By lunchtime Mike was ravenous. We put away the tent so that we could drive into town and find a supermarket, a bookstore and an ATM. We also really need to refill our gas canister - since trying in Jerba in Tunisia, we've had zero success finding propane.
Luckily, we have been able to ration it very carefully, but the bottle felt scarily light when we lifted it to clean behind. Following the GPS we made good progress, even spotting the helpful policeman from last night, stopping briefly to shake hands and thank him again. We also couldn't find the supermarket we were aiming for turns out that we were just a bit premature when reading the GPS!
Foolish way to shop really, and too expensive by our standards, plus we have no genuine need for Western brands, but we haven't seen any decent market stalls or roadside shops here that sell basics like eggs or milk. We splashed out on some luxuries for Christmas a bottle of local sparkling wine and some feel-good things like peanut butter and some juice powder. From there we walked up and down Bole Road, looking into bookstores to try and find Xmas gifts for each other, but the only wildlife and bird books we could find were in Amharic, with badly pixelated images.
They do have a huge selection of titles in English about subjects like agriculture, computers, marketing, and also recent novels. But no luck for us. Not a total loss at least. We drove to the other side of the city to try one last time for gas, but again were met with blank stares when we showed them our canister.
Either we ditch the one we have and buy a new regulator and a new bottle, or we risk it, and scrimp the gas for another week or so until we can try again in Kenya. By now we were fed up, so headed back to Wim's for a beer and to spend some time on the internet. Beverage in hand, we set about finding the plug for Wim's laptop, as the cable didn't seem to work in ours. But the dial-up was agonisingly slow, and although Mike could finally read his hotmail, he couldn't send any replies. At least he managed to check the cricket score before the connection was lost for good!
Now we were really annoyed that our admin day hadn't been that valuable. Back at the car, we rehearsed a Merry Christmas song and then videoed ourselves, so that we could send it as a message to our families for Xmas. At this stage we're unlikely to be able to phone them, so hopefully our melodious voices to the tune of Mike's guitar would be a memorable substitute! Take 7 or 8 was as good as it was gonna get, so we called it a wrap, put on our fleeces it's cold here!
I did think, as we passed by the station, teeming with people, and down the main drag, also crowded with late commuters, that this is probably the part of town that you shouldn't really walk down at night. As we strolled though, I felt no less secure or vulnerable than I might do walking in London at night - and even the beggars who had approached us in the car at every traffic light during the day, didn't seem to hassle us as we made our way back to Bole Road.
We did promise each other that we wouldn't stay out too late though! Uploading a movie clip was totally out of the question, so now we were really anxious about how to get in touch with our families at Christmas time. We will have to wait and see Tired and hungry well Mike was, I've still not really got my appetite back , we gave up and walked back.
We did find a fruit stall, so bought some shiny red apples and a small pineapple ananas here. At the pub, Mike ordered injera with a meaty sauce, which was spicy and delicious. We were even treated to an impromptu dance performance - the waitress showing some serious fitness as she jived energetically in time to a traditional song, convincing one of the patrons to join her half way through.
We paid up and said our goodnights, before brushing our teeth self-consciously in the pub bathrooms. Not totally sure about this place - having not met Wim, we can't tell if it's simply his charisma that impresses people enough to become ardent ambassadors of the Holland Centre as an overlander stopping place. Rahel and the staff are lovely, very welcoming and helpful, and the beer is great, but it's certainly not a comfortable place to camp. Suppose it didn't help that I got stuck in the toilet cubicle because the door handles were broken!
Mike valiantly rescued me using his leatherman pliers, but I did think for one awful moment that he might have to use the axe to get me out! Anyway, we were both exhausted and cold, and emotionally drained after a long, disappointing day. It's been hard travelling the last few days, and we are so torn about what route to take and what to do for Christmas, our situation has overshadowed things a little. We just don't have the money or time to make the most of Ethiopia, but also don't want to spend the next few days simply driving madly south.
So, we decided to sleep on it! Six months is really not enough time for a trip like this - we're constantly on the move and there are loads of things we miss out on. For anyone planning a similar trip I would advise a minimum of a year two to three years if you want to go north again.
If you do only have six months plan your route carefully and stick to it as far as possible. Our budget is nowhere near sufficient either; we'll have to rethink our contingency if we're going to be able to see or do anything from here on - don't be fooled, Africa is NOT cheap! So, here we go again. Staying in one place for more than a night induces a kind of inertia and we pottered around for a bit filtering water and getting ready for the next leg.
At we were ready to go so said our farewells to the staff and waited for Rahel to come out to thank her as well - apparently we're missing out on a traditional coffee ceremony which they do on Sundays, pity. We signed the visitors book and set off; first stop supermarket. The one in the guide book was closed but we found another just down the road. Not much in the way of fresh stuff but we decided to splash out and get some steaks and other goodies for a decent Christmas meal anyway.
We don't know yet where we'll be and it could be lonely so we should at least feed ourselves. Also found a braai grid one of the folding varieties , which we've been looking for. On the way out of Addis we stopped at a roadside veggie stall. I went a bit beserk with the choice and came out with a huge bag of fresh produce - great stuff.
Sarah in the meantime was having a look through some pirate dvd's naughty us which may have to suffice as Christmas presents. We bought two - quality is probably a bit suspect but it's only to watch on the laptop anyway. Finally clear of the city we started the trip to Awasa , which we thought would make a good overnight stop.
The road travels southeast as far as Mojo, where it turns south. To this point it was annoyingly busy with both other drivers and pedestrians with their myriad livestock. There were also guys selling honey comb in terrine like woven baskets. Unlike north of Addis, the towns are not much to look at - less rural and more run down. The people still seemed friendly though. We can't ignore other travellers' experiences but as far as we're concerned the Ethiopians do seem to have an undeserved reputation for being unfriendly and even aggressive.
Annoying and persistent sometimes, but so far very friendly. We weren't tempted to stop much, usually only having time for a quick photo before being surrounded by people asking for things these are not starving people, there just seems to be an expectation of handouts , but did slow down for a fish eagle and some other fantastic birds that we don't know. These lakes are known for their birdlife and it's easy to see why. Our guidebook does warn that there's not much wildlife for the safari goer but we thought the lake could be quite good and perhaps it would be a nicer place to camp than the hotel grounds at Awasa.
The guy at the gate spoke no English but directed us past a run down building to the office. Then we were shown where we could camp - literally just an area where they would allow us to be; not even a tap, but we have enough stuff so that wasn't a problem. Eagerly we set off on the drive down to the lakes. There were a couple of hornbills which provided a few minutes entertainment and then we followed a dirt track to a closed gate, beyond which there were cattle grazing not very wild park like? We turned around and tried another track, only to be followed by pesky children asking for things - can you not even escape in the parks?
After a fruitless half hour we went back to the office where we told that we did have to go through the gate and were allowed to open it. On the other side the mobbing started almost immediately, with small groups of children dotted along the track. As we passed by they would start running alongside the vehicle. Under normal conditions this is annoying; when you're trying to spot birds and game and enjoy the quiet solitude of Africa's wild spaces it drives you to dementia.
It's not hard to understand why Ethiopians win the long distance events in the Olympics though! As soon as one tired you'd pass the next group and so it went. We continued until a viewing area, where we couldn't get out to see the view without being inundated with offers of help and guidance. One older chap decided to show us the road and we followed him down the hill a short distance before tipping him and telling him that we'd be ok on our own. He stayed ahead of us anyway. The road descended quite steeply until the gravel gave way to big ruts and eroded sides, so that I had to use low range to crawl down.
A bit exciting at one point when the tilt angle almost felt too much and we though she may go over. We gave up at a particularly bad section, not wanting to have to negotiate our way back in the dark, and returned up the hill we've discovered that the light on the dash doesn't come on when we engage difflock - should have checked after having the gearbox out! I'll have to get under the car and check the connections.
We had to go past the children again to make it back inside the gate before sundown but our moods were lifted when a family of warthogs scampered across the road. There was also a small herd of generuk nearby. By this time we'd decided that we'd try to get a refund on the camp fee anyway, and push through to Awasa, though that too didn't pan out the way we would have liked. It was too late to speak to the office lady so a refund would have to wait until the next day, which defeated the purpose somewhat.
So, we decided to stay. Back in the area where we were supposed to camp there was a hut and we thought it best if we knocked and spoke to them first. The guy who came out was very friendly and helpful. Then another chap joined him, one of the scouts in the park. Together they guided us under a thorn tree into some long grass and then set about clearing the grass for us with a scythe. It was effective but not really necessary; we didn't want to destroy the park just to be able to camp.
Pretty decent of them though. Left alone at last our little spot turned out to be a nice place. We could still hear the road, but in the quiet moments the sound of birds and insects finished off the day in style. At one stage we could have sworn we heard lion, though I very much doubt there are any in the area. There was also a bush full of stick insects - odd. Had a good spagbol for dinner then packed away ready for an early start. What a beautiful sunrise, if a little chilly.
The birds were already up and singing as we thanked the guard and set off - our goal was to try and get to the border by 4pm. Leaving the lakes and acacia scrubland behind as the sun rose higher, we climbed and climbed again, up into the hills. The whole country seems to be an undulating landscape at high altitude - when you're not struggling to overtake the odd truck on the uphill, you're slowing round the bends down the hills, avoiding livestock and people who walk or even sit in the road.
The scenery changed to banana groves and thick, lush forest, with mud and thatch villages and endless people and animals. What we have noticed, especially in contrast to countries like Libya, is that there is absolutely no litter or rubbish here. There's the odd piece of plastic and Addis like all cities was a bit dirty, but on the whole, there is zero garbage - amazing considering the population density.
Roadside stalls changed from selling cowskin water vessels to bananas and pineapples, and the road deteriorated into an agonising sea of potholes. They were impossible to navigate around, so our speed average plummeted and we resorted to holding onto the door handles as we rocked and churned along. Poor Mapenzi! Then the landscape changed again. We lost altitude as we drove down into rough desert like bush, with ochre red earth and huge termite mounds. Alongside the cows and goats we saw large herds of camels. We were constantly on the lookout for wildlife, spotting birds of prey like Ruppell's and hooded vultures, hornbills, loeries, kites, falcons, storks etc.
We also saw some sort of ground squirrel - but it moved at such speed we couldn't be sure what it was! Stopping for lunch off the road in a dense piece of bush near a hornbill nest, we had a relatively peaceful snack of left over spag-bol before pushing on. The termite hills got taller, the bush sparser and the road dodgier the further we went. We pushed through the smaller towns, stopping once for diesel at an expensive and run down petrol station where everyone seemed very curious about us.
Again, the adults are reserved but friendly, and the children give the most excitable, exuberant waves - the odd few then turning to begging. We were looking out for a giant termite mound that we had coordinates for from our Cape to Cairo book, but were disappointed when we got there and couldn't find it - with the GPS or otherwise. Maybe it's fallen down in the last few years.
We were now really pushing for the border - worried that they might close early, or take so long on the Ethiopian side that we'd be stuck in no-man's-land or worse. Driving hard, on shocking roads, we made fair progress and soon were in sight of Moyale. Unfortunately, as we gently skirted round a broken down bus, a man with a baby, who I took great care to avoid getting too close to, swore at us sneeringly through my open window. I was a bit shocked and simply drove off, confounded when the very next group of people waved and smiled and shouted hello.
From one extreme to another - so much genuine friendliness and then bitter hatred towards foreigners. Luckily we had substantially more of the first experience than the latter! Got organised so that we could avoid any touts, but no one approached us anyway. At least the building signs were in both Amharic and English! Parking in the empty lot we wandered into a deserted customs and had to ask in the neighbouring office if they were still open. A suave chap in a bright yellow T-shirt then sauntered by, and told us to go to immigration first. So we crossed the road, bumping into a fellow who was keen to help us exchange some dollars as we had no birr left, but his shilling rate was a bit suspect.
We found the exit office and were ordered to squeeze onto a crowded bench while a chap in a vest, with his collared shirt only half on one arm, languished at a rickety desk. They did have the smartest new Dell computers with flat screen monitors, but he still had to write down our details in longhand, into a huge ledger. With much chatting to the other fellows on the bench, and perusing our passports, he finally finished and handed them over, wishing us well. From there we returned to customs and our yellow-shirted friend, who scrutinised our carnet and wrote down our passport details yet again.
For some reason, he was a little baffled that we had the same surname - even after explaining that we were married he still seemed to think it a bit peculiar. Can't imagine that he's never had to process a couple with the same married name before?! He came out with us to check the chassis number, then wished us well and directed us across the bridge to the Kenyan side. Mike ran to change some money, and we then dashed across, anxious to get the next set of formalities over with before 5pm.
The Kenyan police at the boom gate let us through and pointed to the immigration office up the hill. Still driving on the right, I parked next to an ancient, dead Land Rover, and we wandered into a very smart office. We filled in some entry forms, and then sat on velvet covered chairs while the immigrations man analysed our SA passports. He was so friendly, asking all about our trip, modestly bragging about wonderful Kenyan tea and coffee, commenting on the weather in the UK etc; he was a really charming man.
Turns out he leaves at 5pm to have Ethiopian coffee and injera on the other side of the bridge - so we made it in the nick of time He did have the grace to laugh when we asked him if he'd been to SA then, and he had to reply no! All done and dusted, we drove on the left, into the town and past the law courts and prison towards the Kenyan Wildlife Society's campsite.
It was a nice enough spot, if a bit hard to find level ground, with a resident hornbill that seems to fancy his reflection in the office windows. We paid the fee of shillings each with our new cash, and the friendly lady ranger offered to give us our change once we'd settled in. So we set about checking every nut and bolt on the vehicle as part of our thorough preparation for the infamous Moyale-Marsabit route tomorrow. Mike went round Mapenzi tightening the wheels, roofrack, tent, body, doors, reflectors and lights, even resorting to taking the spare wheel off the carrier on the back door and putting it back on again to ensure it was all shockproof.
A few screws and lamp lenses needed attention, but on the whole things looked ok. Apart from the tyres that is - they have been chewed up slightly and the odd chunk of tread has even been sliced away by the recent rough roads. But they are still roadworthy and have a few miles in them yet. I set about acting as assistant, WDing the hinges and carrying sockets around for Mike, in between trying to get rid of some of the dust, filtering water and getting dinner sorted out.
I also rigged up a small Christmas tree from a pine branch I'd sawed off earlier in the day, with a cardboard-tinfoil star and bag ties as decorations. The lady ranger returned with our money, totally unrecognisable in her civilian clothes. We decided to shower before it got too dark and chilly, but unfortunately the shower didn't seem to be connected to the same water tank, so I resorted to washing discreetly under the outside tap.
All was going fine until two torches suddenly appeared - Mike had spotted a duiker or dik-dik inside the fence, and a ranger had come to tell me the shower wasn't working. What bad timing! Anyway, now clean and fresh I went about finishing our veggie semolina meal and filtering more water while Mike had his wash. We also spotted a white tailed mongoose - but he was very shy. The duikers did reappear later, and we watched them for a long while - their eyes bright in the torch beam. The place was relatively teeming with wildlife - huge army ants, glossy birds, and even a frog that lives in the toilet and unfortunately got flushed twice, poor thing.
Exhausted and a little anxious about tomorrow, we finally collapsed into bed. The gravel road is also supposed to be among the worst in Africa, impassable after rains and corrugated and stony the rest of the time. It is said that something always breaks. I spent a good amount of time last night checking fixings, tightening screws and bolts, checking fluid levels and tyre pressures so hoped all would be ok, but we still didn't sleep well.
Leaving the camp at we were confronted by a cheerful looking band of prisoners, complete with striped uniforms, being lead to their day's work. We greeted them as we passed and hoped they would be the only bandits we met. In town we stocked up with bread and bought a sim card before making our way to the Marsabit road. We were stopped by a soldier at the checkpoint in town and told to park on the side of the road. We'd expected this. In some respects this might seem foolish but there are very real reasons not to accept either of these options unless there's a real threat.
Travelling in convoy means dust the whole way, presents a bigger slower target and also arrives late in Marsabit. Taking an escort is expensive and adds extra weight to the vehicle on some pretty terrible roads. So we decided to risk it. As expected we were encouraged to wait but when I asked the guy when they last had trouble he just smiled and said we could go once I'd signed the register.
It's a very scenic road leaving Moyale and we stopped a couple of times to watch small dik diks, birds and a couple of kudu. On the whole we pushed on though, wanting to get through to the supposedly safer south. The road was bad but not impossible; patches of corrugations interspersed with dried ruts and eroded channels. There was very little in the way of human activity at all; just an occasional group carrying firewood or leading their donkeys.
It was actually quite a nice drive. After almost 3 hours we arrived at a second police checkpoint where I again had to get out and sign the register. We thought we were through. Then we were told that the next 20km were the worst and we should take two guards who were even prepared to sit on the roof. Not keen to invite a gunfight we again declined and spent a nervy 40 minutes negotiating the dirt road through the mountains. Again we saw few people and all seemed friendly, though I have to be honest we were both glad to arrive at Torbi, where a very friendly and smartly uniformed guard welcomed us to Kenya and wished us a Merry Christmas.
Torbi itself is a nothing town, dusty and spread out, and we saw no reason to stop. I still don't know if a guard is necessary - I suppose bandits can strike at any time - but we listened to other opinions and had no hassle at all. Maybe we were lucky. Beyond Torbi the scenery changes to a flat, dry and thinly decorated grassland. If anything the road gets even worse, punishing the tyres with sharp stones and hard corrugations. We were averaging under 30kph and after about half an hour were waved down by a Land Rover coming the other way.
Out hopped 12 people, the driver in his t-shirt and camouflaged trousers, carrying a side arm, and another passenger with a rifle, apparently from the prison services, but all very friendly. They'd already had two punctures and one of his spares had developed a slow leak not surprising given the weight the vehicle was carrying and the baldness of the tyres. Unfortunately for them we're on tubeless tyres and don't have a tube repair kit but did get our compressor out to give them enough pressure to make it to Torbi - hopefully. The terrain becomes less scenic as the desert takes over but we did spot a kori bustard and some rhea type birds which we'll have to look up to make the juddering worthwhile.
Just out of Bubisa, about an hour from Marsabit, we stopped alongside another stranded Land Rover. The stricken occupants turned out to be a Brazilian Catholic priest and two Italian nuns, giving a lift to some of their faithful. It seemed the wire to their injector solenoid had snapped but connecting it was unsuccessful, as was trying to jump-start their now dead battery. They'd been waiting two hours but had someone coming out to help them anyway so we left them and continued on our way.
I was disappointed that my efforts didn't work, but at least I looked like a grubby mechanic and had some grease on me to prove it.
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As for our own vehicle, she's doing admirably - the tyres are looking a bit tattier, we've lost a loose screw from one of the reflectors and there's a small leak around the handbrake drum but otherwise none the worse for wear, so we're quite pleased. We spotted baboons and a martial eagle in the bush, but were concerned to see so many cattle and goats grazing inside what our GPS claims are the park boundaries.
Marsabit is an interesting place with it's own microclimate out in the desert. We arrived in the dusty town at out and made for the park entrance. There are NO facilities either, just a space in the bush. At first this was also a disappointment; a scrubby, fenced in area with a few rundown looking buildings, but it started to grow on us as we were shown around. Prices were not inflated only KS each , we were left alone, there was a roofed building with table and chairs, somewhere to have a fire and best of all, a spotlessly clean toilet and shower with hot yes, hot!
And a fresh bakery on the premises! Plus they sell cold drinks and Tusker beers Definitely recommended. There are mutant sized insects and spiders as well. We even saw a fat, grey centipede while we were searching for twigs for the Kelly kettle. We're onto our third and last Michelin map now, though only halfway through our six months. After a bit of a grump we decided to assess our finances and maybe treat ourselves to Christmas day and night in the park.
That would give us a day in Henry's to do some laundry, sort out our sim card for Christmas calls to family and maybe have a bit of a relax. I braved the humungous wasps to switch on the hot water and we were treated an hour or so later to the best shower in almost 3 months. It was quite windy so we decided to sleep in the car instead of putting up the tent. With the seats forward the bed is long enough even for me now, and pretty comfy. End of a long day.
How bizarre We woke fairly leisurely and set about doing the mundane chores that consume our rest days. Catching up on diary, cleaning the back out, washing clothes, hanging clothes, more diary and generally messing about with the Kelly kettle to get hot water for doing the dishes. By mid-morning we realised we needed to get cracking, but timed our departure a bit foolishly - a huge bull and his herd of bullocks and cows had just mooched past, and were eyeing up the gate to the campsite with envy.
We managed to shoo them away to get through, but they even started running towards the next gate. The bull looked pretty genial, but they have a dangerous reputation for a reason and I felt a bit nervous leaping out and opening the gate into his enormous face, clucking away soothingly and asking him politely to back away He did slowly, and I positioned myself directly behind the gate in case he did charge or simply butted his way past - so that I could jump onto it as it swung away.
Anyway, Mike managed to drive through as I quickly closed the gate behind him, but it felt like a narrow escape! In town we paused in the Zain mobile shop to try and figure out the dialling codes we needed for our calls tonight before wandering up the road to find a bank or cash machine. After asking around a bit we discovered KCB, and queued politely until someone pointed out that there was an ATM outside behind a tinted door.
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